Glossary » D-K

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Dangerous Goods Goods are to be considered dangerous if the transport of such goods might cause harm, risk, peril, or other evil to people, environment, equipment or any property whatsoever.
Dangerous Goods Declaration Document issued by a consignor in accordance with applicable conventions or regulations, describing hazardous goods or materials for transport purposes, and stating that the latter have been packed and labelled in accordance with the provisions of the relevant conventions or regulations.
Deadweight Abbreviation: DWT. The total weight of cargo, cargo equipment, bunkers, provisions, water, stores and spare parts which a vessel can lift when loaded to her maximum draught as applicable under the circumstances. The deadweight is expressed in tons.
Delivery Order A document issued by or on behalf of the carrier authorising the release of import cargo identified thereon and manifested under a single Bill of Lading.
Demurrage Compensation / Additional charge imposed for exceeding the free time which is included in the rate and allowed for the use of certain equipment at the terminal payable by the shipper or receiver to the carrier
Direct Delivery Direct discharge from vessel onto railroad car, road vehicle or barge with the purpose of immediate transport from the port area (usually occurs when ports lack adequate storage space or when ports are not equipped to handle a specific cargo).
Draft The draft of a vessel is the vertical between the waterline and the underside of the keel of the vessel. During the construction of a vessel the marks showing the draft are welded on each side of the vessel. Synonym: Draught
Drayage Road transportation between the nearest railway terminal and the stuffing place
Embargo A government order prohibiting the entry or departure of commercial vessels or goods at its ports.
Equipment The type of material used, 20 feet dry, 40 feet container, open top, …
Flash Point The lowest temperature at which a good produces enough vapour to form a flammable mixture with air.
Flat Rack Container (Flat) A container with two end walls and open sides. Synonym: Flat
Forty Foot Equivalent Unit Abbreviation: FEU. Unit of measurement equivalent to one forty foot shipping container.
Forwarder (Freight Forwarder) The party arranging the carriage of goods including connected services and/or associated formalities on behalf of a shipper or consignee.
Free In and Out Abbreviation: FIO. Transport condition denoting that the freight rate excludes the costs of loading and discharging.
Free In Liner Out Abbreviation: FILO. Transport condition denoting that the freight rate is inclusive of the sea carriage and the cost of discharging, the latter as per the custom of the port. It excludes the cost of loading.
Free Port An international port or an area within an international port at which, crew, passengers, baggage, cargo, mail and stores may be disembarked or unloaded, may remain and may be transhipped, without being subjected to any customs charges or duties. (Examination is possible for instance to meet security or narcotics control requirements.) Source: IMO.
Free Trade Zone A part of the territory of a state where any goods introduced are generally regarded, in so far as import duties and taxes are concerned, as being exempted (Kyoto Convention.)
Freight All Kinds Abbreviation: FAK. Single freight which is charged irrespective if the commodity.
Freight Collect Freight and charges to be paid by the consignee, receiver of the good.
Freight Manifest Document which lists all amounts of money due for the carriage of the goods on a vessel.
Freight Prepaid Freight and charges to be paid by the shipper.
Full Container Load Abbreviation: FCL. A container stuffed or stripped under risk and for account of the shipper and/or the consignee.
Full Liner Terms ( Liner in Liner out) Condition of carriage denoting that costs for loading and unloading are borne by the carrier subject the custom of the port concerned.
Fully Cellular Containership Abbreviation: FCC. A vessel specifically designed to carry containers, with cell-guides under deck and necessary fittings and equipment on deck.
General Average Abbreviation: G/A. Intentional and successful act or sacrifice which is carried out to safeguard vessel and cargo. When a vessel is in danger, the master has the right to sacrifice property and/or to incur reasonable expenditure. Measures taken for the sole benefit of any particular interest are not considered general average.
General Average Act (York-Antwerp Rules) There is a general average act when, and only when any extraordinary sacrifice or expenditure is intentionally and reasonably made or incurred for the common safety for the purpose of preserving from peril the property involved in a common maritime adventure.
General Cargo Cargo, consisting of goods, unpacked or packed, for example in cartons, crates, bags or bales, often palletised. General cargo can be shipped either in breakbulk or containerised.
Gross Weight Weight (mass) of goods including packing, and including the carrier’s equipment expressed in whole kilograms on tons.
Hague Rules Rules governing the carriage of goods by sea and identifying the rights and responsibilities of carriers and owners of cargo. These rules were published in 1924 following an international convention and were subsequently given the force of law by many maritime nations.
Haulage The inland carriage of cargo or containers between named locations/points.
Intermodal Transport The movement of goods (containers) in one and the same loading unit or vehicle which uses successively several modes of transport without handling of the goods themselves in changing modes.
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code Abbreviation: IMDG Code. A code, representing the classification of dangerous goods as defined by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) in compliance with international legal requirements.
International Maritime Organisation Abbreviation: IMO. United Nations agency concerned with safety at sea. Its work includes codes and rules relating to tonnage measurement of vessels, load lines, pollution and the carriage of dangerous goods. Its previous name was the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organisation (IMCO).
Jettison The act of intentionally throwing cargo overboard, e.g. with the objective of lightening a vessel, which has run aground, such for the common good of all interests: vessel, crew and remaining cargo (see GA).

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