Glossary » S-Z

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Said to Contain Abbreviation: STC. Term in a Bill of Lading signifying that the master and the carrier are unaware of the nature or quantity of the contents of e.g. a container and are relying on the description furnished by the shipper.
Salvage The saving or rescue of a vessel and/or the cargo from loss and/or damage at sea.
Service Bill A service Bill (of Lading) is a document issued by one carrier to another for documentary and internal control purposes. No freight details will be mentioned and the service Bill of Lading is not a contract of carriage.
Ship operator A ship operator is the (legal) person making decision about the daily operation and employment of the ship and crew.
Ship owner The legal person officially registered as such in the certificate of registry of the vessel.
Shipper The merchant (person) by whom, in whose name or on whose behalf a contract of carriage of goods has been concluded with a carrier or any party by whom, in whose name or on whose behalf the goods are actually delivered to the carrier in relation to the contract of carriage. 1. One who transports goods for a charge, in normal usage, such a person would be called a carrier, but carriers are also called "shippers" 2. One who tenders goods to a carrier for transportation. 3. The sender of goods to be transported as distinct from the receiver or the consignee.
Shipping Marks The identification shown on individual packages to facilitate moving the packages without delay or confusion to their final destination and to enable the checking of cargo against documents.
Shipping Note Document provided by the shipper or his agent to the carrier, multimodal transport operator, terminal or other receiving authority, giving information about export consignments offered for transport, and providing the necessary receipts and declarations of liability.
Sling Special chain, wire rope, synthetic fibre strap or ropes used for cargo handling purposes.
Slot The space on board a vessel, required by one TEU.
Spontaneous Ignition Temperature The lowest temperature at which a substance will start burning spontaneously without an external source of ignition.
Spreader Device used for lifting containers and unitised cargo.
Stack An identifiable amount of containers stowed in a orderly way in one specified place on an (ocean) terminal, container freight station, container yard or depot.
Stackweight The total weight of the containers in a certain row.
Stevedore A person or company working on the Terminal, loading, stowing, discharging vessels, etc…
Stowage The placing and securing of containers on board a vessel.
Stowage Factor Ratio of a cargo’s cubic measurement to its weight, expressed in cubic feet or cubic metres per ton, used in order to assess the total quantity of cargo which can be loaded in a certain space.
Stowage Plan A plan indicating the locations of all the containers on a container vessel (synonym Bayplan)
Stripping The unloading of cargo out of a container.
Stuffing The loading of cargo into a container.
Surcharge An additional charge added to the net ocean freight.
Tank Container A tank, surrounded by a framework with the overall dimensions of a container for the transport of liquids or gasses in bulk.
Tare Weight of Container Mass of an empty container including all fittings and appliances associated with that particular type of container on its normal operating condition.
Terms of Delivery All the conditions agreed upon between trading partners regarding the delivery of goods and the related services. Note: Under normal circumstances the INCO terms are used to prevent any misunderstandings.
TEU Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit. Unit of measurement equivalent to one twenty foot shipping container.
Tier A horizontal division of a vessel from bottom to top. The numbers run from bottom to deck and from deck upwards and are used as a part of the indication of a stowage place for containers.
Time Charter A contract whereby a vessel is let to a charterer for a stipulated period of time or voyage, for a remuneration known as hire, generally a daily rate per ton deadweight. The shipowner continues to manage the vessel through the master and crew who remain his servants.
Transhipment A shipment under one Bill of Lading, whereby sea (ocean) transport is ‘broken’ into two or more parts. The port where the sea (ocean) transport is ‘broken’ is the transhipment port.
Twistlock Device which has to be inserted into the corner fittings of a shipping container and is turned or twisted, thus locking the container for the purpose of securing or lifting.
United Nations Dangerous Goods Number / United Nations Number Abbreviation: UNDG Number or UN No. The four-digit number assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods to classify a substance or a particular group of substances. Note: The prefix ‘UN’ must always be used in conjunction with these numbers.
Voyage Number Reference number assigned by the carrier to the voyage of the vessel.
War Risk War risks must be covered under a separate policy for war risks.
Waybill Non-negotiable document evidencing the contract for the transport of cargo.
Wharf A place for berthing vessels.
Wharfage The fee charged for the use of a wharf for mooring, loading or discharging a vessel.
Yield Management The process of maximising the contribution of every slot or vessel. Basically it should be seen as the process of allocating the right type of capacity to the right kind of customer at the right price as to maximise revenue or yield. The concept should be used in combination

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